Deviations of the Acarya
By Srila B.R. Sridhara Deva Goswami
We generally see that there is a tendency for the acarya to depend more on his own disciples. He likes to go on with their help according to his free will, but he may not rely much on god brothers because they are almost of equal status. He cannot order them forcefully to take up some duty and carry that out. The difference comes from there. But there is some scientific basis for that. There is the vatsalya-rasa and the sakhya-rasa. Sakhya-rasa is with god brothers. Vatsalya-rasa is with the disciples and vatsalya-rasa is stronger than sakhya-rasa. Therefore vatsalya-rasa asserts itself, and the sakhya-rasa is slackened.
The acarya must be very careful not to depend too much on the disciples. In the beginning at least, they should rely more upon friends and god brothers. If they depend too soon on their disciples then their relationship with the friendly circle will be slackened. Authority is a part of pratistha. When one comes in connection with vatsalya-rasa, the relation with sakhya-rasa decreases and some special discrimination arises. Stealthily they are drawn to their disciples, neglecting and becoming indifferent to the connection with their brothers. Such a tendency is sure to come and it is difficult to keep a balance. The brothers are neglected and the sons get more attention. In this way, the acarya becomes partial. There is this possibility. And then there is some adhikara and that is vulnerable in my consideration. When they come in close connection with their disciples they get freedom—they are given an opportunity of absolute master-ship. In that position it is very difficult to keep up the purity in contrast with that temptation, so there is the possibility of going down from the plane of acarya.
The acarya has got two disadvantages—deviation and partiality. Partiality means full freedom with his disciples. This relation is also more attractive to him. Deviation and partiality—these two things can take down the acarya. These are the two enemies of an acarya. The position of an acarya is a dangerous position. It is full of temptations. A strong and sincere desire for the upper aspiration is an indispensable necessity in an acarya. Otherwise he can’t maintain his position. He has to go down. He will think, “I am the monarch of all I survey!” In a particular circle he is monarch and such monarchy is mad! That is a great temptation and especially in relationship with the disciples and the brothers. They come and clash!
In these two ways there is danger and if the acarya is not sufficiently conscious of the fact, he can’t retain his real position. He must be awake. When there is monarchy over men and money, it is difficult to maintain ones position as a servitor. The ego of master-ship comes to attack. After all, we are wandering in the land of exploitation. The strong thrive and the weak have to go down. After all, it is an enervating plane. Attraction is on all sides. It is a very difficult position to maintain the pure position of an acarya because he is given all possible honor—acaryaman vijaniyat. He is all in all. To maintain purity in that position is very, very difficult.
It is very easy to speak about, but very difficult to realize this point. We should be very wakeful to self-analysis. The general symptom is that the more one will go up, the more he will think, “I am going down.” This is the indirect method of measurement. It is internal. Externally he may show, but internally one should always be invoking that, “I am in want! Give more grace to me! I can’t maintain my position.” One who has got experience of such life can feel what is the defect.
When the madhyama-adhikari guru comes in connection with bad association, the association of an atheist, Mayavadi scholars, or stri-sangi ekasadhu (those who are attached to women)—he may come down and so many things can be traced in him. Gradually he will come down from such a stage.
Of course, in that case the sisya who has got sufficient sukrti can save him. Very rarely such things happen and it is most unfortunate. But still, we may consider it to be fortunate when he gets out of that and comes to the real source again. Then forgetting all his past history, he begins with a new life. To save one’s own self, then necessity is the mother of invention. Necessity has no law. We may be misguided in the worldly sense also. In many places we may be misguided and to awake from that association and to help us in a proper way, of course this possibility is at every step. We are living, we are independent we are endowed with free will. Free action and free decision is necessary at every step and that is also uncertain—what step should I take that is guaranteed to take me towards the right destination? So it is necessary to select the guide and sometimes in the selection of that guide there may also be some error. That is a great misfortune. But again our internal, innate fortune helps us. If while I am on my way the guide becomes influenced by some bad motive then I am to try to save myself in that case. Previously I put my all faith in that guide and I am to withdraw from him and take another independent guide. Still, if necessity arises, we cannot but do that.
We should consult others to be doubly sure. We must consult to see whether it is because I may be fallible. The disciple may consider himself to be fallible, so he will consult with another expert guide. “What to do, I am perplexed. I think that I should not keep any faith in my present guide. Perhaps he has become otherwise. His mentality has changed. I have seen so many signs around him that I am not able to put faith in that guide any longer. Please advise me what I should do?”
In this way intimate friends should be consulted. We may not put much faith within ourselves, but after consultation with so many intimate friends whom I have confidence in, then by their assurance and also with my internal voice and my conscience, I should pray to the Lord with all sincerity, “Please save me and give me another guide.”
Confidence is necessary. Sraddha is necessary and a guide is necessary. It is inevitable. Once, I am deprived of confidence then I am betrayed. That does not mean that I am to suffer my whole life from that betrayal. There must be good sense all around and the higher power is always eager to help us. So with all our sincerity we must accept another guide according to our best understanding and go on. Our progress cannot be checked. That is also not desirable, so we must go onward even changing our guide if necessary.
Generally the sign of deviation in the acarya may be of three classes—first thing is that if I can detect that my Gurudeva is gradually loosing his attraction for his own guru and sastra-upadesa. Previously, he expressed his advice by quoting the scriptures and quoting the words of his own guru—that is gradually becoming absent in him. His attraction is fading on the higher prospect. Then there is pratistha. Kanaka, kamini, pratistha–these are the three tests to be put whether one is a sadhu or not, or what degree of sadhu he is. The measurement will be pratistha, kanaka, kamini.
First, we should detect a deviation from his higher gurus—pratistha. Then, more tendency to amass money and not to spend the money. Money may be collected, but that must be distributed for the service of the sampradaya, for the Lord, for propaganda. But if he does not pay much attention to utilizing money in the service of the guru and the Vaisnavas, but amasses it—that is second. Third, attraction towards the ladies. Of course he may come in connection with money and women and also with pratistha. Pratistha means honor to him from the disciples—that is also necessary but only for the purpose of the divine object, not for himself. But if we can detect that it is for his personal interest and not for the cause of the sampradaya that he is utilizing these things, then we should be careful.
In the beginning we may neglect or ignore some instances, but if we find that it increases, then we have to inspect that carefully. We are to consult persons similar to our position and after consultation we can bring this to the higher sources—other acaryas who are reliable. Then, when we find that, “Yes, what appeared to me first in a very small way is real and that is injurious and he is going down. To save myself I must try to take a step which may save me from that contamination. I shall try to save myself, and also I can try to save others who will fall prey to such exploitation.”
That must be with all sincerity. There is a possibility of this. It is mentioned in the sastra and also practical examples are there. So we must not make progress in a slumber. We must go forward with our eyes always open.