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Firm Faith, Then Taste

Submitted by on July 21, 2016 – 12:33 am3 Comments

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By Swami Tripurari, from Siksastakam of Sri Caitanya.

Bhava-maha-davagni-nirvapanam

The second effect of nama-sankîrtana is deliverance from the great fire of material existence, bhava-maha-davagni-nirvapanam. The metaphor of a forest fire is often employed to help us understand the nature of material existence. Just as a forest fire often has no external cause but ignites on its own by the friction of two trees, similarly the responsibility for the conflagration of material existence rests with the desires of its inhabitants. God is not to blame. Karma is the stern hand of nature that responds in kind to any and all forms of exploitation. Nature is not to be exploited by the mind’s idea of what her purpose is. She belongs to God.

While a forest fire often starts on its own, it does not stop on its own. Moreover, human efforts to extinguish a forest fire often prove futile, leaving firefighters praying for rain. Similarly, although God is not responsible for the suffering of material existence, only he can bring an end to it. Atonement and the culture of self-knowledge are compared to human efforts to extinguish a forest fire. They are insufficient. Atonement fails to extinguish the fire of desire, and the culture of knowledge attempts to extinguish desire in a way that leaves no room for new growth, no possibility of spiritual desire.

Where human effort falls short, only God can make up the difference. Nama-sankirtana descends from God. Narottama dasa Thakura writes, golokera prema-dhana, hari-nama-sankirtana: “Harinama-sankirtana is Goloka’s charity of love.”1 In order that the gift of Goloka’s love may be embraced, nama-sankirtana first extinguishes the forest fire of material existence. When by the grace of Krishna nama the fire of material desire is extinguished, one’s sadhana becomes nistha, fixed, even as the smoke of such desire lingers. With both feet still in this world, the sadhaka’s eyes are fixed on a vision of Goloka. At this stage one’s spiritual practice is both outwardly unflinching and illumined within. The spirit of the sadhaka’s practice in this stage is discussed in the third stanza of Siksastakam.

Sreya-kairava-candrika-vitaranam

The phrase sreya-kairava-candrika-vitaranam speaks of ruci-bhakti. This is the sixth stage mentioned in Rupa Goswami’s verse detailing the sadhaka’s development from sraddha to prema. Sri Krishna Caitanya describes it here as the third effect of nama-sankirtana. This effect—the stage of ruci—will be elaborated on in the fourth verse of Siksastakam.

The word sreya speaks of something auspicious and beautiful. Krishna nama is that which is most auspicious among all that is auspicious, including other names of God. Gaura Krishna has given the world nama-srestham, the most auspicious and splendidly beautiful conception of the holy name. In this connection Thakura Bhaktivinoda cites the well-known stanza of Skanda Purana glorifying the holy name of Krishna, madhura-madhuram etan mangalam mangalanam: “Sweetest of the sweet, most auspicious among that which is auspicious.”

When the burning effect of the fire of material existence is extinguished by nama-sankirtana, Krishna nama begins to benedict his disciple with the cooling moonlike rays of his splendor. These splendorous rays are the svarupa-shakti emanating from Krishna nama. Here the sadhaka’s heart is compared to the white night-blooming lotus, kumuda. At the stage of ruci, the sadhaka’s heart is pure like a white lotus, uncolored by the passion of the world. For this reason Mahaprabhu has chosen the metaphor of a white kumuda rather than a red one. In ruci-bhakti, the heart, previously contracted in the shadow created by lust, begins to bloom in love like the white lotus in contact with the rays of the moon.

The moon’s light is reflected light, and here it represents a semblance of actual bhava. In ruci-bhakti one is still a sadhaka, and the ray of the sun of prema that is bhava has not yet dawned in the heart; however, one experiences a semblance of bhava and an uninterrupted taste for chanting and other devotional practices. Ruci-bhaktas have no material attachment, yet they are attached to the means to attain prema. Their sraddha/saranagati are mature, and they have thus erected within their hearts the stage on which the drama of Krishna lila will soon be performed.
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  1. Prarthana 4.2 []

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3 Comments »

  • Amara dasa

    Sometimes we see that new devotees experience a very strong taste for Krsna consciousness in the first initial months or years, but then it gradually wanes until they are no longer interested in Krsna, chanting, associating with devotees, and so on. Is there any qualitative difference in this type of initial ruci from the fixed ruci established after many years of nishta or steadiness? Also, is there a primary reason for its disappearance or can there be many causes?

    • Citta Hari

      I’ve had it explained to me that the taste new devotees experience is like a “free sample.” The taste one gets at that stage one hasn’t really paid for, so to speak. Once the free sample is used up one’s conditioning asserts itself, then the hard work of making progress from where we left on in a previous lifetime begins. We “hit the wall” of our karma and that is where we are really at in relation to the goal. If at that point one does not have good sanga then there is the risk of losing interest in bhakti altogether, as you’ve pointed out. With good sanga then one can tolerate one’s karma (which, it should be noted, is mitigated by dint of being under the guidance of a qualified guru) and continue to practice and serve so that eventually nistha will arise.

      As far as I know the only qualitative difference between the two would be of course that one is not ruci proper, but is rather rucyabhasa–a semblance of genuine taste. The semblance of course lacks the quality of steadiness.

    • There may be any number of causes for the waning of one’s initial enthusiasm, which should be distinguished from ruci proper. After all, in the initial stages of sadhana one’s practice is unsteady. When it is steady, some taste will be there, but when obstacles arise and one’s practice is interrupted, so too will one’s enthusiasm wane.

      A neophyte devotee may think that he understands bhakti but when he finds out it is more complex than he initially thought he may loose his enthusiasms to practice seriously, realizing that the goal is more distant and the price greater than he initially thought. Offenses committed against bhakti will also become obstacles to his practice and cause his enthusiasm to wane. Overall one cannot expect one’s enthusiasm for bhakti to be steady until one’s enthusiasm of other things dries up. Still by the mercy of bhakti even devotees burdened by material desire will sometimes experience the sweet taste of bhakti proper.

      But any taste in this early stage of practice is at best ruci abhasa, a shadow of actual taste or liking for bhakti. It is not reliable. Ruci proper corresponds with the retiring of material desire and Mahaprabhu has spoken of it in these terms: na dhanam na janam na sundarim kavitam va . . . In the stage of ruci one becomes attached to bhakti with a particular taste. A ruci bhakta bids farewell to the isvara or paramatma presiding over the material world as his prana isvara (Lord of his life/heart) or ista devata begins to come into view. Thus such a devotee is focused by taste and he intentionally cultivates the desire to serve Krishna favorably, the desire to attain a specific service to Krishna, and the desire to establish an affectionate relationship with him. The ruci bhakta’s intelligence serves his ruci, as opposed to the stage of nistha where one’s taste is subordinate to one’s spiritual- intellect-driven seva.

      Ruci is suddha-bhakti. A ruci bhakta is pure devotee but he is not yet a graduate from sadhana-bhakti. He is attached to bhakti of a particular nature to his prana isvara but he is not yet completely attached to his deity until he reaches asakti, at which point his spiritual identity that corresponds with such attachment dawns.

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