Stop External and Internal Threats to Vrindavan

This article originally appeared on Vrindavan Today.

By Jagat

The Braj Vrindavan Heritage Alliance held its latest meeting on Sunday under the Tatia Sthan trees. This sacred place of bhajan, which preserves the ancient mood of the forest kunj, was a most suitable location for discussing the future of the Vrindavan environment.

Tatia Sthan is the site of Haridas Swami‘s bhajan and his worshipable deities and samadhi mandir are there. Old traditions are tenaciously kept, and we were not even allowed to hang our banners on the trees out of respect for them.

With the presence of all the renounced Vaishnavas from the ashram, the meeting was well attended. It was initiated by the singing of several Haridasi songs, which cast their magic over the audience and set the tone for the meeting.

Madhumangal Shukla opened with a brief introduction to the BVHA, its purpose and its accomplishments to date.

Shrivatsa Goswami was the first speaker. He recounted how Radha wears a blue cloth, and Krishna a yellow one. When yellow and blue come together, they mix to become green. Similarly the union of Radha and Krishna is represented by the greenery of Vrindavan dhama.

In previous times, he said, sadhus would come to Vrindavan and plant a garden of trees and creepers around their cottage to create an atmosphere conducive to devotional practices and remembering Radha and Krishna. Now they build a concrete guesthouse surrounded by walls, and it is as likely as not that there will not be a single bit of greenery in it. If Vrindavan becomes a concrete jungle, how will smaran of the Yugal Sorkar be possible?

Shrivatsaji continued, “Vrindavan thus currently faces two dangers: gross (sthūla) and subtle (sūkṣma). This Tatia Sthan has a tradition of venerating the Yamuna, the Vraja dust, which they smear over their faces, and the trees and creepers of Vraja, whom they consider to be sakhis of the Divine Couple, witnessing and serving the nitya-vihāra.

“All of these are currently in danger. The Yamuna is so polluted that it can no longer be used for puja of Radha Raman as was customary in the past. Yamuna Maharani is the queen of Vrindavan, encircling the town on three sides, giving her protection. If she is sick and dying, then what will happen to the dhama?

“The ground is being covered with concrete and garbage. And the trees are being cut down at an alarming rate. These are the external attacks on the Dham. But the end result is an attack on the very essence of Vrindavan, the true and original spirit and mood of the worship of Radha and Krishna. This is what is in danger of being lost. And we must do everything we can to preserve the sweetness of that mood.”

Swami Ramdevananda, who also has an ashram along the Parikrama Marg, lamented the degradation and especially the tree-cutting that has almost completely destroyed the beauty of the sacred pathway. He added that since the Tatia Sthan had managed to preserve its atmosphere, the sants here should offer their guidance to the rest of the community.

Hitakinkar Shri Sewak Sharan, in many ways the godfather of the environmental and heritage preservation movement in Vrindavan, briefly recalled that it was in Tatia Sthan 28 years earlier that the first attempts to draw attention to the degradation of the environment and sound the alarm were made. “The situation has had to worsen so much in the last few years,” he said, “for more people to start becoming aware. But the will to act with a strong and unified voice is still unfortunately not there.”

A.K. Nayak, a retired judge and professor of law from Kolkata, expressed his appreciation for the Alliance and said that Hindu culture was born in forest hermitages and not in cities. “Unless this forest atmosphere is preserved, the entire Hindu culture is threatened, he said.

Nayak also mentioned the hunger strike of Prof. G.D. Agrawal, which brought public and political attention to the plight of the Ganges. “Why not have a large number of sadhus and mahants in Vrindavan do at least a one-day hunger strike to call national attention to the situation here?” he suggested.

Swami Bhakti Alok Paramadvaiti Maharaj spoke emotionally of the contamination of the Yamuna water and how it was slowly poisoning the ground water throughout Vrindavan. “The possibility for disease and deleterious health effects are too great to be ignored,” he said.

Paramadvaiti Maharaj especially criticized the district administration for pushing a huge amount of refuse into a standing pond and covering it with earth to make a parking lot at the time of the Kumbha Mela, despite offers he and Shrivatsa Goswami had made to pay for and manage the relocation of the trash to the official municipal dumping ground.

“Furthermore,” he added, “The building of the new drainage system around the town will lead to even further pollution of the water as it simply dumps even more excrement into it.”

Swamiji said that the BVHA needs to create committees to deal with the various problems and to take concrete action to deal with them.

The meeting concluded with a short statement from Tatia Sthan mahant Radhika Sharan Dasji Maharaj. He said that Tatia Sthan would give its full cooperation, but made the demand that other ashrams and temples in Vrindavan stop using plastic plates and bags. He also added that the purity of spiritual practices was also a necessary element in the preservation of Vrindavan dhama. If devotional practices are pure, no one will be able to destroy the Dham.

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4 Responses to Stop External and Internal Threats to Vrindavan

  1. Vikram Ramsoondur

    Hopefully, when I do visit the dhama next year or the year after, I shall make it a point to halt for a little while at Tatia Sthan, which would really be, in my opinion, de rigueur, going by Jagat’s skilful depiction above, and also by virtue of the soft spot I have for the Haridasis and their out-of-this-world bhajans. This particular approach of theirs as regards preservation issues ideally ought to be replicated all across Vraja-mandala. Unfortunately, I don’t see that occurring any time soon.

    But a visit appears to be a must, if only to momentarily savour the ever-fresh atmosphere of one of the last remaining vestiges of the real Vrindavana. On my so far sole trip to Vraja, back in August 2002, I simply couldn’t relish being present in the land of Krsna, for various reasons, and with the unbearably hot weather not helping either. But this time round, it’ll necessarily have to be a lot different.

  2. Is it the municipal government in Vrindavan that is responsible for allowing urbanization and pollution? If so, are they elected or appointed?

  3. Thank you for crossposting this article. I hope that in the future you will also link to the original article at

    The complexities of the administration in Vrindavan are byzantine and a bit beyond my understanding. Current development is mostly the result of increasing prosperity in both private and public sectors. Recent infrastructure work has increased in large part as a result of large influxes of money from the Central and State governments, much of which came as part of the Commonwealth Games push.

    The UP Gov’t uses the Mathura-Vrindavan Development Authority (MVDA) to supervise most development in the area. There is also the Mathura district administration, which again is under the aegis of the Commissioner in Agra. So there are many players. We are doing what we can to make contact with all of them.

    The primary motivation of the MVDA is economic development. They never saw a construction program they did not like, and for good reason. They are lucrative for everyone concerned. But in terms of planning, creating meaningful zoning restrictions, etc., they are largely indifferent, and local residents who are not part of the moneyed crowd are insufficiently consulted. This is the purpose of the BVHA: to create a common voice and to get that voice heard.

    Construction is being pushed forward by ashram and temples with clients in Delhi and elsewhere (including foreigners) and by businesses who see a potential for clients amongst pious, well-to-do retirees. The other hope of UP Gov’t and MVDA, etc., is to create a mundane tourism market for Vrindavan.

    Clearly, Vrindavan’s natural and cultural heritage is the source of its attraction, no matter who the prospective “client.” Vrindavan’s natural heritage needs to be enhanced by planting trees, getting it to an international standard of cleanliness, reducing pollution of all kinds, and bringing sanity to the vehicular traffic. Its cultural heritage needs to be enhanced through the preservation of old buildings and opening more areas to exclusively pedestrian traffic.

    There is no reason why this cannot be done, with the cooperation of the Brajvasis. If they see that it is in their long term interest, they will support all the above ideas. The thing is that it is harder to get a large group of people affected by a general problem than it is for a small group of people with money to create big problems for everyone else.

    A big part of my message here is that Western devotees need to get a little closer to the Braj mood and become a part of this effort, not as moralizing outsiders, but as humble comrades in seva. There is no more room for sectarian competitiveness in serving Vrindavan, any more than there is a place for nationalistic divisiveness in the efforts to stem global warming. Vrindavan belongs to all the devotees of Radha and Krishna, without exception.

    Indeed, if looked at correctly, for Vaishnavas, Vrindavan is a microcosm of the Earth itself. We may not be able to save the world, but if we can do the needful in Vrindavan, that will be the proverbial root of the tree by which the entire world-tree is watered.

    I hope all readers will offer support, both moral and material, to this important and immediate task.

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