In Praise of My Param Guru

By Nitaisundara dasa

To date, much of the glorification of Srila Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Goswami within the international Gaudiya Vaishnava community has, out of necessity, centered around his long and loving relationship with his dear Godbrother, Srila Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. This relationship certainly warrants limitless praise, but unfortunately such glorification has for the most part been necessary to counteract widespread ignorance and propaganda as to the character of Srila Sridhara Maharaja, his relationship with Srila Prabhupada, and his historical role in the lives of Srila Prabhupada’s disciples; essentially, it has consisted primarily of an effort to justify his place in the hearts of thousands who have found great inspiration and solace in his words and personality. It certainly behooves all members of the international Gaudiya community to be well acquainted with these matters, but it is also important for us to know Srila Sridhara Maharaja as he stands alone, fully illustrious in his own right.

Srila Sridhara Maharaja was born in 1895 in Hapaniya, West Bengal. Although his family was one of highly respected brahmanas, his paternal lineage, in his own words, “hated the followers of Caitanyadeva.” Throughout his childhood he showed signs of his spiritual inclination as well as his exceptional intelligence and spotless character. In recorded lectures he endearingly recounts how initially he was drawn to the sacrificing nature and “model pastimes” of Ramachandra more so than to Krishna of Vrindavana, who was, as he put it, “a liar and girl-hunter.” In a similar vein, as a child and into adulthood, Srila Sridhara Maharaja had never told a lie, laying the foundation for his distinct ability to palatably convey the truth throughout his life. His general tendencies toward simplicity, honesty, and practicality came to be some of his trademark characteristics within the Gaudiya Matha, where he was widely respected for his “strong common sense and disinterested nature.”1

His godbrothers’ respect for him was unmistakeable. It was common for others to approach him for clarification of philosophical points raised by Srila Saraswati Thakura during his discourses. His perspective was so valued that later, during the splintering of the Gaudiya Matha after Bhaktisiddhanta’s departure, the two factions approached Srila Sridhara Maharaja for his opinion as to how to proceed, although he had personally already withdrawn from participation in the situation. Moving forward, as the Gaudiya Matha eventually settled into a number of individual mathas (some of which were quite antagonistic to each other) most of the acaryas from these groups still held Srila Sridhara Maharaja in high regard, celebrating his Vyasa-puja and visiting his matha, often seeking his valued counsel. When these godbrother acaryas would approach him, they would characteristically pay their respects to him from the road outside his matha before entering its gates. Prior to ever leaving India, Srila Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada wanted to organize an entire mission with Srila Sridhara Maharaja as the presiding acarya.

History also shows that Bhaktisiddhanta displayed strong affection for Srila Sidhara Maharaja, declaring him to be a “sastric genius,” and stating that in the person of Srila Sridhara Maharaja he felt confident that he had at least one person to carry on his mission who could never be converted. Further, it was Sridhara Maharaja who was first requested to travel to the West to spread Mahaprabhu’s teachings, although Bhaktisiddhanta acquiesced to the humble desire of Sridhara Maharaja to stay there, in the company of his Guru Maharaja, if at all possible. Also considered widely significant was Srila Bhaktisiddhanta’s adamant desire that Sridhara Maharaja, nobody else, sing “Sri Rupa Manjari Pada” to him near the time of his passing. His godbrothers thus declared that by this act, Bhaktisiddhanta had given him entrance into the camp of Rupa Manjari. All of these snippets barely scratch the surface of the prominent and distinct position Srila Sridhara Maharaja held in the hearts of his Guru Maharaja and godbrothers.

Quite a few books have been printed and made widely available based on the recorded discourses that Srila Sridhara Maharaja gave in the latter years of his life. Somewhat less well-known are his substantial written contributions to the sampradaya. An accomplished Sanskritist, he composed the beautiful “Prema Dhama Deva Stotram,” a poetic seventy-two verse biography of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Hearing Srila Sridhara Maharaja’s glorification of Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his “Srimad Bhaktivinoda-viraha-dasakam,” presented with such beauty and precision in an expression of genuine separation, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta commented that it was as if Bhaktivinoda himself had come in the person of Sridhara Maharaja and composed these verses. Later, his verses in glorification of Bhaktisiddhanta, “Sri Prabhupada Padma Stavaka,” came to be sung every day in every Gaudiya Matha center (a tradition that still continues), and Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada expressed his desire for this practice to be taken up in his centers as well. Sridhara Maharaja composed a number of other deep Sanskrit prayers as well.

Other contributions include the compilation of Sri Prappana Jivanamrta, included within which are many original verses of his own composition. Characteristic of his deep reflections, Srila Sridhara Maharaja saw and extracted prema-bhakti and Srimati Radharani from within the pages of Srimad Bhagavad-gita and presented them in his translation and commentary. He also revealed a vision of the Gayatri mantra that takes it to the very heart of divinity. Both of these insights were unique and hugely significant literary additions to the Gaudiya sampradaya. These are but some of the offerings that have been made available to us by this recent luminary.

To simply list the many devotional accomplishments of Srila Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Goswami is in itself perhaps impossible, but more difficult is to put into words the comfort and hope one feels having a connection to such a harmonizing, generous, and well-wishing preceptor. It truly transcends words. As a grand-disciple, the affectionate prodding of Srila Sridhara Maharaja is palpable to me. His timeless and essential words push me to change but reassure me that he sees me for my potential. He is that affectionate grandfather who charms me into wanting the difficult and painful experience of spiritual growth. As he would say, Mahaprabhu judges not on the basis of one’s past, nor one’s present, nor even one’s future, but on their ideal, for that ideal will someday come to pass. I feel such generous vision coming from Srila Sridhara Maharaja. But his grace and that of the entire guru-parampara would seem to extend even one step further, judging us on an ideal that they themselves are in the process of establishing within us, ever-refining our conception of our own highest good.

I set out in this glorification to venerate Srila Sridhara Maharaja in his own regard, unhinged from the pressure to justify such veneration to those who do not possess it. But I find myself unable to fully escape my lamentation for those people, for Srila Sridhara Maharaja himself wanted only that Mahaprabhu, Saraswati Thakura, and Srila Prabhupada be fully honored and progressively represented by the rise of Gaudiya Vaishnavism world-wide. But I know that this wish cannot fructify without coming to terms with the truths that he so beautifully represented. This is not to say one can only achieve perfection through him—for he would certainly condemn such an exclusive statement—but rather that the principle of guru is singular, although appearing plural, and that principle is Krishna. What Vaishnava does not run eagerly to see Krishna wherever he makes himself available? Krishna has availed himself to us in a big way in the person and teachings of Srila Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Goswami. May we reciprocate accordingly.


  1. Disinterest in this context meaning detached []

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13 Responses to In Praise of My Param Guru

  1. Beautiful offering, Nitai! Thank you very much. I really like how at the end you share with us the personal impact Srila Sridhara Maharaj has made on your heart.

  2. Nitai Prabhu, a lovely offering that expresses some of my feelings toward those who have not been able to taste the nectar of the refreshing, sweet, poetic, and spiritually potent words of such a great spiritual well-wisher of Prabhupada, his disciples, all Gaudiya Vaishnavas, and in fact, all souls. I was in that unfortunate space of being unwilling to read Shridhar Maharaja’s books for many years. I had a number of SM’s books, but they were only collecting dust, till I met your guru, Shripad Swami B.V. Tripurari Maharaja, whose own talks, being sprinkled with quotes from him, sparked my interest and opened my heart. Spiritual life is a heart affair, yet sometimes our mental conceptions put up road blocks from hearing those who can really help us. I have found that Krishna provides us spiritual assistance from advanced devotees if we are open minded, and willing to try something new. No risk, no gain, and we have to have the abiding faith that we will be guided and protected, rather than hiding behind our guarded, fortress-like heart.

    • Nice! I’ve read Sridhar Maharaja since the eighties, and I find his books to be perennial fonts of inspiration.. He seems to incorporate ideas that have impacted me from outside the Gaudiya teachings, yet he expresses them succinctly and in perfect relation to the essentials. The environment is friendly is a mantra or sutra that brings me back to an important concept that i have to understand anew again and again, being a conditioned soul with a tendency to avoid responsibility, and play the victim.

      I keep finding things hidden in his books that i have not noticed before, which makes me believe that the books were compiled under his powerful watch. He is more of a felt presence in his books than any Vaisnava I have experienced. I sometimes think that Srila Sridhar Maharaja was a very very rare devotee. Like I mean once in a couple hundred years, that sort of thing.. In a line dominated by hugely stalwart Vaisnavas, he seems to hit some very high notes.. And in a somewhat unobtrusive way as well. He was a philosophy major in college and brings a good understanding of western philosophy to the table.. Bishop Berkely, Hegel, fun stuff.. He doesn’t use the term false ego, but either just ego or material ego. That’s something I learned just lately and appreciate it, as the term false ego does tend to justify in some subtle way, for devotees, the dovetailing of ego. Of course that depends on the definition of ego, but I think using it in the way that most westerners understand it is good. We can discuss what spiritual ego is after a while. Right now nailing down material ego is essential.. There are so many quotable quotes in his books..

      • Everything you wrote resonates with me. The metaphor that developed of Srila Sridhara Maharaja being like the soothing moon rising after the setting of the bright sun of Srila Prabhupada is so apt. He continues to do “relief work,” as he called it, into the present day.

        “The environment is friendly” functions as a kind of sutra in my mind, as well, representing so many concepts and containing so many implications.

        • Just wondering Nitai, how you mean param gurudeva. In a shiksha kind of line? Did Tripurari M. take formal initiations of any kind from SSM? My Diksha guru is S. Narayana Maharaja, but I consider Prabhupada my param gurdeva, from my many years in Iskcon. And SSM is my shiksha guru.. Anyway these are all labels and it’s the heart that counts.. Just a great article by the way, if I didn’t say that already.

          • Hari! Thank you, Tarun.

            My Guru Maharaja did not take any formal initiation from SSM, although SSM is the one who instructed him to begin initiating along with a number of other disciples of Prabhupada. Nonethless, Tripurari Maharaja considers Srila Sridhara Maharaja his siksa guru and refers to him as “Guru Maharaja,” as is standard within the Caitanya Saraswat Math. On our altar we have both Prabhupada and SSM in the guru-parampara and he has made an indelible mark on my Guru Maharaja and our Sanga. So it is that sense, somewhere between formal and informal 😀

      • Nitaisundara dasa… just wanted to thank You for the beautiful heart-felt expression.. so so lovely… Liberty raincloud

    • Any appreciation I have for Srila Sridhara Maharaja is in part your credit and testament to your willingness to take a divine risk. Thank you.

  3. Great tribute to an extraordinary saint… Thank you, Nitaisundara-ji!
    I started reading SM books in late 1980’s thanks to Sri Govinda Prabhu, who later took sannyasa in SCSM. I was immediately captivated by the depth and gentleness of Sridhara Maharaja’s presentation of Krsna consciousness. He actually restored my wavering faith in the parampara, after that faith was shaken by very disturbing revelations regarding things which took place in ISKCON during and after Srila Prabhupada’s presence here on earth. There is no doubt in my mind that our parampara goes through Srila Sridhara Maharaja. For me personally he is a defining influence when it comes to GV philosophy.

    • I had never known Srila Sridhara Maharaja had touched you so significantly Kula-pavana-ji. That is nice 🙂

      • I only wish that his influence on me was stronger 🙂
        When he passed away I had a great sense of loss as I have never met him in person, even as I greatly desired to do so. But I am eternally grateful to be blessed with an appreciation of his devotional mood and his teachings.

        • Srila Sridhar Mj, my initiating Guru told me that there was no reason to meet him in person, he is with me in his books and with me always, no time nor space. I took this to heart and after he passed I have managed to hold the relationship and it increases as i go beyond listening to ‘hearing’ him. Take scripture within and when scripture resides in your being you reside in vaikuntha. Thus it is not about quantity but always about quality. Jugala Murti (Liberty Raincloud)

  4. Thank you Nitai Prabhu. Also, I wish to say that you have a very flowing and articulate style of expression. Would you consider writing a bigraphy for Sridhar Maharaja? In view of the vaishnava that he was, it seems that such a book is essential and very much needed. And a work that must be taken on before those who knew him are no longer with us. Hare Krishna! Ishan

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